DIY Instructions to Make A Drill Press at Home

People working with wood often need a drill press. You may want to know how to make straight holes on wood with perfection, and as it is impossible to do so by hand, here we have come with an idea to make a drill press at home.

The components and accessories required to make a drill press are listed below:

  • Wood slat (2 cm thick)
  • Wooden board (2 meters minimum, 25×35 mm)
  • 2x small drawer guides
  • Long wood screws (30 long and 20 shorter ones)
  • Wood glue
  • A drill to attach
  • M8 threaded rod and tube and M6 screws and nuts
  • Ruler and pencil
  • Square and bevel
  • Miter
  • 80 grit sandpaper
  • Wood Clamp
  • Screwdriver

Step 1 : Making the base

Cut four pieces from the wooden slat. You can use a miter and clamp for attaching slat to it. This makes the blade remain in a vertical position. Once you have finished with cutting; make a rectangle shape with it, find an optimal configuration and hold them with the clamp to the short sides of the rectangle. The slat will be ready to be drilled after this.


Afterward, mark the center and other places you are willing to put screws. Drill the holes in the marked position a little bit narrower than the screw. Place the screw after drill, and you can secure the position of the screw by using wood glue. Draw contour on wooden board, cut and attach to the slat frame for the cover. You can put three on each side. If you prefer pure perfection, then you can shape it with 80 grit sandpaper.

Step 2 : Forming the arm

This step is all about the arm. You can cut a 40 cm tall board and same width than the base. To install the guides, some arrangements are needed to be done between board and drill. Cut two pieces of wood from slat. Attach to the board, and they will give out separation and adequate space between the drill and the board to work with large materials. Mark the center of the board and adjust 57cm to each side for attaching the board. Space must be there of 10 cm between the opposite edges of the slat. You can use a square and a bevel to trace parallel lines to delineate the place where the slat will stay.


To draw another parallel, use the half width of the slat. Lines can be used for identifying places where you will put screws. Placing screws require dividing the length of the slat and drill the holes after that. Attach slat to their corresponding location with a clamp and drill rest of the holes through the slat. Make countersink and insert screws after drilling. You can also put glue to secure the place of the slat.

Step 3 : Determining the position of the guides

For placing guides, cut two 25cm long boards (per 10mm wide). The set square at one edge should be placed and marked at 10 cm and 90 cm. Repeat it with the lower part and other board. When finished, ensure that the lines are parallel. With the set square do a line 1.5 cm above the lowest edge perpendicular to the other two. The longer line should pass the middle of the holes as you define the position of the guides. Mark the shape of these holes and drill them. See if the board is parallel to the big board, clamp it in place, drill holes and without removing clamp insert screws.


Step 4 : Alignment of the guides

Make sure to align the guides properly. Otherwise, holes will be made with a certain deviation when joining the board. To make the union process easier, first, clamp the base to the board and place a carpenter’s square touching the base. Clamp after the base is aligned with the guide. Again, mark the places where the screw will be attached. Divide the length of the slat and board by two to make the lines and place four long screws up at the slat and four short at the board. If the board is misaligned to the base, you can sand the upper part.


Step 5 : Arranging the support for the appliance

Use a general holder and screws to hold the tool. Cut the last piece of wood and make a hole through it. The diameter of the hole is the diameter of the high-speed drill. Attach the flat side to the guide board and mark at the middle to make a hole that lets the screw pass. If the support is straight, clamp it. Drill the holes to install 90-degree brackets to hold the support in place. Insert screws and unscrew when everything fits accurately. After you mark a point in the middle of each side, with a 6mm wood drill holes and place screw. Cut a piece of wood equal to M6 screw nut to secure the nut’s position and use some other screws to allow some margin.


Step 6 : Adding an adjustable stopper

For final details, get an adjustable stopper to make holes at the same height. Use an 8mm (M8) threaded rod, cut it to a length of 50 cm and sand to give it a good shape. Make holes in the vase afterward. You can glue a piece of slat to the top with a hole drilled to let the rod stay in place. To make a stopper, you need a small wood block, threaded tube, and a long screw/nut. You can see it will be touching the board. So, if you twist the rod, it will go up and down setting a limit for the tool with perfection and precision.


So, this is how you can make a drill press at home and drill holes perfectly. Save money, keep drilling!

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